Peningkatan Self Concept Siswa Sekolah Dasar Melalui Teknik Scaffolding

Johannis - Takaria



The purpose of the study was to analyze the differences in the increase in self-concept of elementary school students through scaffolding techniques in Saparua District, Central Maluku Regency, Maluku Province. The method used was a quasi-experimental design with one group pretest-posttest and involved 30 elementary school students as research samples. The test uses paired sample t-test and it is identified that there are differences in students' self concepts before and after scaffolding techniques are applied. Self-concept enhancement was analyzed using N-gain, where each self-concept indicator achieved an increase in the medium category. The indicators of attitude and self-confidence increased by 31%, The indicators of View of ability and disability increased by 43%, and indicators of self-sensitivity increased by 52%, and the indicators of views of others towards themselves was 45%. These result are due to the effectiveness of scaffolding, because by scaffolding students can be helped to solve a problem.



Self-Concept, Scaffolding Technique, N-gain

Full Text:




Alwisol. (2007). Psikologi kepribadian. Malang: UMM Press.

Anghileri, J. (2006). Scaffolding Practices that Enhance Mathematics Learning. Journal of Mathematics Teacher Education. Vol. 9: 33–52

Bransford, J., Brown, A., & Cocking, R. (2000). How People Learn: Brain, Mind, and Experience & School. Washington, DC: National Academy Press

Byrne, B. (1984). The General/Academic Self-concept Nomological Network: A Review of Construct Validation Research. Review of Educational Research, 54(3), 427-456

Damayanti, N. W. (2016). Praktik Pemberian Scaffolding Oleh Mahasiswa Pendidikan Matematika Pada Mata Kuliah Strategi Belajar Mengajar (SBM) Matematika. Likhitaprajna Jurnal Ilmiah.Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan. 18(1), 85-95

Dayakisni, T., & Hudaniah. (2009). Psikologi sosial. Malang: UMM Press.

Dramanu, B. Y., & Balarabe, M. (2013). Relationship Between Academic Selfconcept And Academic Performance Of Junior High School Students In Ghana. European Scientific Journal, 9(34), 93-104

Gonulal, T., & Loewen, S. (2018). Scaffolding Technique. The TESOL Encyclopedia of English Language Teaching, First Edition. Edited by John I. Liontas (Project Editor: Margo DelliCarpini) (Online) Tersedia: https:// 322751945_Scaffolding_Technique

Hake, R, R. (1998). Interactive-Engagement Versus Traditional Methods: A Six- Thousand-Student Survey of Mechanics Tes Data For Introductory Physics Course. Am. J. Phys. 66 (1), 64-74

Liu, Hui-Ju (2009). Exploring changes in academic self-concept in abilitygrouped english classes. chang gung. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(2) 411-432

Khalaila, R. (2015). The relationship between academic self-concept, intrinsic motivation, test anxiety, and academic achievement among nursing students: Mediating and moderating effects. Nurse Education Today, 35, 432-438. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2014.11.001

Marsh, H. W., & Craven, R. G. (2006). Reciprocal effects of self-concept and performance from a multidimensional perspective: Beyond seductive pleasure and unidimensional perspectives. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 133-16.

Marsh, H. W., & Martin, A. J. (2010). Academic self-concept and academic achievement: Relations and causal ordering. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 81, 59-77. doi:10.1348/000709910X503501

McInerney, D. M., Wing-yi Cheng, R., Mo Ching Mok, M., & Kwok Hap Lam, A. (2012). Academic Self-Concept and Learning Strategies: Direction of Effect on Student Academic Achievement. Journal of Advanced Academics 23(3), 249–269

Masturah, A. N. (2017). Gambaran Konsep Diri Mahasiswa Ditinjau Dari Perspektif Budaya. Indigenous: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 2(2), 128-136

Obilor, I. E. (2011). Relationship Between Self-Concept and Mathematics Achievement of Senior Secondary Students in Port Harcourt Metropolis. Journal of Educational and Social Research. 1(4), 39-46

Shavelson, R.J., Hubner, J. J., & Stanton, G. C. (1976). Self-Concept: Validation of Construct Interpretations. Review of Educational Research 46(3), 407–41

Sumartini, T. S. (2015). self concept siswa melalui model pembelajaran concept attainment. Mosharafa Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika. 4(2), 48-57

Takaria, J. (2015). Peningkatan Literasi Statistis, Representasi Matematis, dan Self Concept Mahasiswa Calon Guru Sekolah Dasar Melalui Model Collaborative Problem Solving. Disertasi UPI Bandung

Takaria, J. (2018). Penerapan Pembelajaran Collaborative Problem Solving Untuk Meningkatkan Self Concept Mahasiswa. Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling Terapan. 2(1), 83-93. http://dx. 10.30598/jbkt.v2i1.239

Timmerman, H. L., Toll, S. W. M., & Van Luit, J. E.H. (2017). The Relation Between Math Self-Concept, Test and Math Anxiety, Achievement Motivation and Math Achievement In 12 To 14-Year- Old Typically Developing Adolescents. Psychology, Society, & Education, 9(1), 89-103. DOI: 10.25115/psye.v9i1.465

Tun, Y, B, U., & Yates, S, M. (2007) A Rasch analysis of the Academic Self-Concept Questionnaire. International Education Journal, 2007, 8(2), 470-484

Valentine, J. C., Dubois, D. L., & Cooper, H. (2004). The Relations Between Self-Beliefs and Academic Achievement: A systematic Review. Educational Psychologist, 39(2), 111-133

Van Der Stuyf, R. R. (2002). Scaffolding as a Teaching Strategy. Adolescent Learning and Development Section 0500A, (Online): Tersedia https://

Veeramuthu A/L Veerappan., Hui Suan, W., & Sulaiman, T. (2011). The Effect of Scaffolding Technique in Journal Writing among the Second Language Learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2(4), 934-940

Wang, J. (2007). A Trend Study of Self-Concept and Mathematics Achievement in a Cross-Cultural Context. Mathematics Education Research Journal, Springer, 19(3), 33-47.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Indexed by:

Connect with your Academic Account:

Dedicated to:

Published by:

Pattimura University
Address: Department of Guidance and Counseling, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Science (FKIP). 
Jl. dr. Tamaela, Ambon - Mollucas -Indonesia
Ph. +6281322999987 
Home page:, | cc:



Creative Commons License

Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling Terapan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.