Efek Penggunaan Lahan Terhadap Degradasi Tanah Pada Kebun Campuran Di Kecamatan Kairatu Kabupaten Seram Bagian Barat Propinsi Maluku

Silwanus M Talakua, Rafael M Osok

Abstract


Land use is the most influential factor in soil degradation due to erosion. The objectives of this research are to know the level of land degradation and the factors that influence the land use area, the upper vegetation density and the lower vegetation density. This research uses the method of measuring ground damage indicator in the field. The results showed that single, wide land use, upper vegetation density and lower vegetation density had an effect on soil degradation on mixed garden land use; while simultaneously, wide land use, upper vegetation density and lower vegetation density have an effect on soil degradation on mixed garden land use. The most influential factors for soil degradation in mixed gardens are the area of land use and lower vegetation density.

Keyword:  Degradation of soil, land, vegetation density, mixed gardens.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sandy. I.M. 1977. Penggunaan Tanah (land use) di IndonesiaPublikasi No. 75 Direktorat Tata Guna Tanah. Departemen Dalam Negeri. Jakarta.

FAO, 1995. Global and National Soils and Terrain Digital Databases (SOTER). Prosedures Manual. Land and Water Development Devision. World Soil Resources Reports No. 74 Rev.1

Manuputty J., Gaspersz, E.Y. dan S.M. Talakua. 2014. Evaluasi Kemampuan Lahan dan Arahan Pemanfaatan Lahan di Daerah Aliran Sungai Wai Tina Kabupaten Buru Selatan Provinsi Maluku. Jurnal Agrologia. Jurnal Ilmu Budidaya Tanaman 3 (1): 62-74

FAO, 1996. Population Change-Natural Resources- Environment Linkages In East and Southeast Asia. Prepared by the Population Information Network (POPIN) of the United Nations Population Division, Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. FAO Population Programme Service, Rome.

Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah (Bappeda) Propinsi Maluku. 1996. Rencana Struktur Tata Ruang Propinsi Daerah Tingkat I Maluku. Fakta dan Analisis.

Dinas Kehutanan Propinsi Maluku. 1994. Peta Penggunaan Lahan Pulau Seram Propinsi Maluku skala 1 : 100.000. Sebagai Hasil Penafsiran Citra Satelit (Citra Landsat False Colour Composite TM Tahun 1992 dan False Colour Composite MSS Tahun 1990).

Swiecki, T. J. dan E. A. Bernhardt. 2001. Guidelines for Developing and Evaluating Tree Ordinances. USDA Forest Service through the National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council and the International Society of Arboriculture.

Dissmeyer G.E and G.R. Foster. 1980. A Guide For Predicting Sheet and Rill Erosion on Forest Land. USDA Forest Service Southeastern Area 1720 Peachtree Road, N.W. Atlanta, Gorgia 30367.

Talakua, S.M. 2009. Pengaruh Penggunaan Lahan Terhadap Kerusakan Tanah Karena Erosi di Kecamatan Kairatu Kabupaten Seram Bagian Barat Provinsi Maluku. Jurnal Budidaya Pertanian 5 (1): 27-34.

Draper. N.R. dan H. Smith. 1992. Terjemahan Analisis Regresi Terapan. P.T. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

Morrison D.F. 1976. Multivariate Statistical Methods. Second Edition. Mc.Graw-Hill Book Company. New York St. Louis San Francisco Auckland Düsseldorf Johannesburg Kulala Lumpur London Mexico Montreal New Delhi Panama paris São Paulo Singapore Sydney Tokyo Toronto.

Sherbinin. 2002. Guide to Land-Use and Land-Cover Change (LUCC) Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) Columbia University Palisades, NY, USA. A collaborative effort of SEDAC and the IGBP/IHDP LUCC Project. [06/06/05].

Kokh and Shrestha. 2002. Soil Erosion Modelling Using Remote Sensing and GIS: A Case Study of Jhikhu Khola Watershed, Nepal. Part of aM. Tech. Thesis Submitted to Andhra University.

FAO, 1999. Land and Crop Management in the Hilly Terrains of Central America : Lessons Learned and Farmer to Farmer Transfer of Technologies. FAO Soil Bulletin 76e. Land and Water Publication Series. Land and Water Development Devision.

FAO, 1999. New Concepts and Approaches to Land Management in The Tropics with Emphasis on Steeplands. FAO Soil Bulletin 75. Land and Water Publication Series. Land and Water Development Devision.

FAO dan CIFOR. 2005. Hutan dan Banjir. Tenggelam Dalam Suatu Fiksi Atau Berkembang Dalam Fakta. RAP Publication 2005/3. Forest Perspective 2. Food and Agriculture Organization - Centre of International Forestry Research.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30598/a.v7i1.352

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.